What is it?
A smart money strategy involves opening trades with large capitals, (banks, funds, market makers)
Market structure - is a sequence of highs and lows that allows you to determine the trend and possible price movement in the future.
The trend - is the general direction of the price movement, the main goal is to determine the trend and trade in its direction.
In order to correctly identify the structure it is necessary to find the Lows and Highs on the chart. The market can be in three states:
The confirmation of the Higher Low (HL) will be the Break of structure (bos) of the previous Higher High (HH). To determine the structural elements, pay attention to the swing high and low.
Bullish structure (Uptrend) - each new High and Low is higher than the previous one. Higher High (HH) and Higher Low (HL)
After the formation of a higher high (HH), with a high probability will begin a correction, which forms a higher low (HL) - this is an opportunity to enter the long position in order to update the next (HH).
How the structure is formed
The structure should be used in combination with other tools - support and resistance zones (orderblocks, imbalance, liquidity, discount/premium zones), which we will talk about next.
The higher low (HL) should be formed from the support zone, then it will be relevant for opening a long position. As in the example above, the price tests the order block and fills the imbalance.
Breakdown of the ascending structure (BOS)
Fixing the price below the confirmed (HL) will be considered as a break of the bullish trend and the formation of a Lower Low (LL). After that the development of the downtrend is expected.
Breaking the structure (BOS) allows you to open a position at the beginning of the formation of the opposite structure. That is, you have the opportunity to open a trade (Short) after the formation of Lower High (LH)
As can be seen in the example after the update (HL) was formed a downward structure (LL, LH, LL) after which the trend has changed.
Fake BOS of the ascending structure
When (HL) WAS NOT formed from a support zone (orderblock, imbalance, discount zone), an uptrend is allowed to continue, especially if the breakout (touch of the support) was made by a shadow of the candle, and then there was a test of the support zone.
The update of (HL) was made and touch of the support zone was made by a shadowwof the candle, which increase the probability of a false break in this context. Price continued to move in a bullish trend
How the structure is formed
Breakdown of the Downward Structure (BOS)
The downtrend will be broken when the confirmed lower high (LH) is updated, after that, the uptrend is expected to start
Determination of the broken structure opens the possibility to trade at the beginning of a new trend (Uptrend). After breaking the downtrend it would be interesting to consider opening a long position on the formation of a higher low (HL)
Higher Low (HL) is the key element. Identify the potential reaction zone between Lower Low (LL) and Higher High (HH) (the support/imbalance/discount zone), and wait for a reaction in this area to open a position. Based on the reaction at this stage it will be possible to know if the breakdown was real.
Fake BOS of the downward structure
When the (LH), which WAS NOT formed from the resistance zone (orderblock, imbalance, premium zone), the continuation of the downtrend is possible, especially if the breakout (touch of the resistance) was made by a shadow of the candle, and then there was a test of the resistance zone. The scheme of a false break structure on a bullish trend works similarly on a bearish trend, only in the opposite direction.
Range (flat, consolidation) - no higher highs or lower lows, price moves sideways. The market enters the consolidation stage after an impulse price movement. The big player is distributing or accumulating a position.
Most of the time the price is in a sideways movement, in most cases the exit from the flat will be in the direction of the general price direction. It is necessary to properly consider the context for a high probability of determining a price move from the range.
In the example above, the price formed a new (HH) on the higher timeframes, and the correction began. At the lower timeframes it's considered as an uptrend.
An example of collecting liquidity from the previous high and re-accumulating from the resistance zone (orderblock, imbalance) and further exit from the ridge towards the general price direction.
Definition of Swing High and Swing Low
Swing High and Swing Low are (HH,HL, LH, LL)
Swing High is formed by three candles. The highest candle in the middle, and one candle each on the left and right.
The more obvious, yet important, swings are formed in five candles. The highest candle in the middle, and two candles each on the left and right.
Swing Low is formed by three and five candles. The lowest candle in the middle, and one/two candles each on the left and right.